What does orthodontic prevention involve?
Most occlusal abnormalities in children are acquired and occur in the first few years of life.Orthodontic prevention consists in eliminating the factors that have a detrimental effect on regular development and mutual relationships between the teeth and bones of the jaws in children, as well as in early orthodontic treatment aimed at preventing the development of an occlusal abnormality or its complete elimination. In the case of any abnormalities, the orthodontist recommends appropriate exercises or treatment with simple appliances.
We can list certain symptoms in children that point to the need for orthodontic consultation:
- face asymmetry– apparent changes in the child’s appearance
- reverse teeth overlapping (the lower front teeth overlap the upper ones)
- excessive inclination of front teeth (front teeth are “lying” on the lower lip – co-called liptrap)
- crowding and spacing teeth
- harmful habits (biting nails, pencils, pens, sucking on fingers or dummies)
- late loss of milk teeth
- no permanent teeth developing despite the loss of their milk predecessors
- early loss of milk teeth (mostly resulting from carious complications)
- teeth growing in wrong spots
- speech impediments
- breathing through the mouth (mouth permanently open)
- tongue dysfunction (swallowing like a baby)
It is advised to see an orthodontist when the child turns 6. The doctor will establish if there are any abnormalities in the shape of the jaw and mandible.