Many Patients complain of hypersensitive necks of the teeth. It is a very troublesome affliction, as it causes pain and discomfort, and simply disturbs our everyday life. The causes of hypersensitive teeth are sometimes complicated, but the actual process that leads to its occurrence is quite simple. The underlying layer of a healthy tooth (dentine) is protected by the gums and enamel. The loss of enamel and the creation of cavities may take place when the gums begin to pull away from the teeth because of:
- using a hard bristle toothbrush,
- using a wrong brushing technique,
- using toothpastes that cause enamel abrasion,
- overload caused by an improper dental occlusion,
- gum inflammation,
- the presence of tartar,
- age – the gums recede (pull away from the teeth) with time,
As a result of the combination of various factors, the dentine becomes uncovered and hypersensitivity occurs. It manifests itself by pain triggered by external stimuli, e.g. hot or cold, sweet or sour food and drinks. The key to preventing sensitive teeth is preventing gum recession and the creation of cervical cavities.
In order to avoid it, one should remember about:
- Regular, daily oral hygiene. Teeth should be brushed at least twice a day for three minutes, using a soft or medium bristle toothbrush.
- Brushing the teeth with appropriate force. The control of brushing force is easier when using electric toothbrushes that stop the brushing movements, when the pressure of the fibres on the teeth and gums exceeds the appropriate level. They are delicate for the teeth and gums, yet at the same time extremely effective in removing dental plaque.
- Using oral hygiene products that contain fluorine (toothpastes, mouthwashes).
- Careful cleaning of the spaces between the teeth with the use of dental floss.
- Using an oral irrigator.
- Regular check-ups at the dentist.
IF YOU ALLOW YOUR GUMS TO RECEDE, YOU WILL NEVER GET RID OF THIS PROBLEM. (see -> gum recession coverage procedures)
We use various methods of tooth sensitivity treatment that are selected individually for each patient. The mechanism of action of sensitivity reducing agents is based on the attempt to inhibit the conduction of stimuli to the dental pulp sensory nerves, or on mechanical occlusion of open dentinal canals. In order to maintain the achieved treatment effects, we select appropriate products to be used by the patient at home.