Gingival recession is the exposure of the fragments of the roots of the teeth, which often increases teeth sensitivity to thermal and chemical stimuli, makes it difficult to maintain oral hygiene in the area of recession, and above all, creates a significant aesthetic defect related to the so-calledhigh smile line and exposed gums while smiling.
Frequent causes of gum recession include:
- improper brushing,
- using hard toothbrushes ,
- bruxism (grinding teeth and clenching the jaw),
- occlusal abnormalities (orthodontic treatment required – see -> orthodontics),
- improper oral hygiene.
The following surgical procedures eliminate gum recession:
- lateral pedicle graft,
- palatal mucosal graft,
- guided tissue regeneration.
An appropriate technique is selected for each patient individually.