Dental caries is an infectious disease caused by carious micro-organisms. It is characterised by decalcification of hard dental tissues and the putrefactive decay of its organic foundation. The main cause behind the formation of caries is dental plaque, which consists of residual food and bacteria that are deposited on the teeth after every meal. The bacteria contained in the plaque convert sugars found in food into acids, which in turn wash out minerals (calcium, phosphorus) from the enamel. This leads to the weakening and damaging of the enamel, which enables further development of dental caries.
If the Patient’s tooth is “suffering” from simple caries (carious spot, loss of hard dental tissue), we perform the following procedures:
- fluoridation – a pleasant procedure, which in case of a carious spot, involves rubbing in fluorine preparations that cause the remineralisation of dental enamel (the procedure is repeated several times every few days);
- preparation and filling of carious cavities – the procedure consists in removing the dental tissues affected by caries and filling the cavity with a special material.